Children’s Day — 10 things you should know about children
Children’s Day is a commemorative date celebrated annually in honour of children. The annual event is aimed at raising awareness about children’s issues, highlighting their importance in society, and advocating for their rights to education, healthcare, safety, and protection.
The concept of Children’s Day originated in Geneva, Switzerland, in 1925, during the World Conference for the Well-being of Children. The conference recommended an annual observance of a day dedicated to children. Many countries followed suit and established their own Children’s Day.
In Nigeria, Children’s Day is observed on May 27 every year.
As the country marks its Children’s Day, here are some key facts to know about children:
1. Definition: A child is generally defined as a human being between the stages of birth and puberty. The specific age range may vary depending on cultural, legal, and social contexts.
2. Rapid Development: Children undergo significant physical, cognitive, emotional, and social development during their early years. This period of rapid growth and learning sets the foundation for their future development.
3. Rights and Protection: Children have specific rights that need to be protected. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) outlines these rights, which include the right to education, healthcare, protection from abuse and exploitation, and the right to express their views.
4. Vulnerability: Children are considered more vulnerable due to their physical and cognitive immaturity. They rely on adults for care, protection, and guidance. Society has a responsibility to safeguard children’s well-being and ensure their safety.
5. Play and Learning: Play is an essential aspect of childhood. It is through play that children explore, learn, develop social skills, and express themselves creatively. Play is not just for entertainment but also a crucial part of their development.
6. Education: Education plays a vital role in shaping children’s lives. Access to quality education empowers children, improves their future prospects, and equips them with essential knowledge and skills.
7. Health and Nutrition: Children’s health is of utmost importance. Adequate nutrition, regular healthcare, immunizations, and a safe environment are essential for their well-being. Promoting healthy habits and addressing health issues early on can have long-lasting effects on their overall development.
8. Diversity and Inclusion: Children come from diverse backgrounds, cultures, and abilities. It is crucial to foster inclusivity, respect for diversity, and promote equality among children, ensuring that all children have equal opportunities and access to resources.
9. Resilience and Support: Children possess remarkable resilience and adaptability. However, they also require support and nurturing from caregivers, families, communities, and society as a whole to thrive and overcome challenges they may face.
10. Future of Society: Children represent the future of society. Investing in their well-being, development, and education is essential for building a better and more sustainable world.
Understanding these key facts about children helps create awareness, inform policies, and shape practices that prioritize the well-being and rights of children.